People at the Department of Environmental Studies

Department Staff

The recipient of degrees in esthetics and the history of the natural sciences, he studies the mutual relationships between culture and nature, primarily the history of the esthetic and artistic perception of the landscape in the modern era, as well as the development of environmental thought in the context of cultural history and the history of the natural sciences, and of biology in particular. He is the author of Proč je příroda krásná? [Why is Nature Beautiful?] (2005), Darwin a estetika [Darwin and Aesthetics] (2006), O malebnu. Estetika přírody mezi zahradou a divočinou [On The Picturesque, Or The Esthetics Of Nature Between The Garden And The Wilderness] (2011). He also teaches at the Institute of Esthetics and Art History at the Faculty of Arts of the University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice.

Consultations: to be arranged via email

prof. RNDr. Hana Librová, CSc.

Founder of the department

A sociologist and biologist, she is interested in the connections between lifestyle and environmental problems; her research focuses on environmentally friendly lifestyles.
Besides publishing in Czech and international academic journals, she has also published several book-length monographs: Sociální potřeba a hodnota krajiny [The Social Need And Value Of The Landscape] (1987), Láska ke krajině?
[Love For The Landscape?] (1988), Pestří a zelení: Kapitoly o dobrovolné skromnosti [The Colourful and the Greens: chapters on voluntary modesty.] (1994), Vlažní a Váhaví: Kapitoly o ekologickém luxusu [The Half-hearted and the Hesitant: Chapters on Ecological Luxury] (2003).

Consultations: Monday 10:00am - 11:00am

doc. Mgr. Bohuslav Binka, Ph.D.

Vice-dean for internal and external communication

He completed a semester-long study stay at the Catholic University in the United States and a semester-long research stay at Glasgow University in Scotland. For his dissertation, he won the Josef Vavroušek Prize in the science and research work category awarded by the Faculty of Social Sciences of Charles University in Prague and the Petra and Josef Vavroušek Foundation. He works on environmental ethics and the history of environmental movements. He is the author of the publications Environmentální etika [Environmental Ethics] and Zelený extremismus [Green Extremism].

Consultations: Tuesday 4:30pm – 5:30pm (or arrange via email)

doc. PhDr. Jan Činčera, Ph.D.

Associate professor

He works on theories, methods, and evaluation of environmental education; he has helped define the objectives and outputs of environmental education in the Czech Republic. He researches strategies for effective environmental education. In collaboration with environmental education centers, he tests various teaching methods (e.g. Earth education, thematic interpretation). He is also a consultant and leads evaluation studies of several programs (such as Ekoškola and GLOBE). He has published many academic studies and guidelines for evaluating programs. He also teaches at the Technical University of Liberec.

Consultations: even Tuesdays 10:00am – 11:30am (ask via email before)

Mgr. Jan Dostalík, Ph.D.

Assistant professor

He works primarily on the history of green ideas in urban and regional planning. In his courses, he focuses on architecture, city, and landscape. He combines his practical knowledge in the field, gained from working for several years on regional development studies and planning documents, with historical knowledge and an environmental perspective. His academic interests also include the history and theory of architecture of the 20th and 21st century and environmental history.

Consultations: Wednesday 1:30pm – 4:00pm

Mgr. Eva Fraňková, Ph.D.

Departement deputy head, assistant professor

As an undergraduate, she studied biology in České Budějovice before completing her master’s degree and Ph.D. in environmental humanities in Brno. She is an assistant professor and has long been interested in alternative economic practices, local production and consumption, and the concept of sustainable degrowth. Currently, she is researching the material, energy, and money flows involved in local food production, as well as mapping alternative economic practices in the Czech Republic. She is also involved in the activities of The Economy and Society Trust and of the newly founded Association of Local Food Initiatives (AMPI, o.p.s.).

Consultations: to be arranged via email (maternity leave)

She deals with the economic aspects of environmental and social problems as well as ecological economics. Her main interests include hidden assumptions of mainstream economics and community-level economic alternatives. She is the author of the books Living in the Cracks (2005), Kde peníze jsou služebníkem, nikoliv pánem [Where Money Is The Servant, Not The Master] (2008), Ekonomičtí disidenti [Economic Dissidents] (2014), and Ekologická ekonomie: vybrané kapitoly [Ecological Economics: Selected Chapters] (2015).

Consultations: Wednesday 3:30pm – 4:30pm, (or arranged via email)

Christian Kimmich, Ph.D., M.Sc.

Research specialist

He works on natural resource issues from the perspective of institutional economics. In the past, his research focused on the commons and cooperative ownership in the context of energy infrastructure. Currently, he is examining the influence of technological changes on the environment and the socioeconomic aspects of transformation into a low-carbon economy. Christian received his Ph.D. in agricultural sciences and economics from Humboldt University in Berlin. In the past, he worked for the Swiss Federal Institute WSL in Zurich and he was visiting scholar at the Ostrom Workshop at Indiana University Bloomington.

PhDr. Jan Krajhanzl, Ph.D.

Research specialist

A social psychologist who specializes in conversation psychology and environmental communication. In his research, he focuses on the attitudes of the Czech people towards nature and the environment, human motivation for protection of the environment, children’s contact with nature, and methods for communicating environmental issues to the public. He is the author of the publications Psychologie vztahu k přírodě a životnímu prostředí [The Psychology Of The Relationship To Nature And The Environment] (2014) and Dobře utajené emoce a problémy životního prostředí [Well-Hidden Emotions And Problems Of The Environment] (2012). He enjoys integrating scholarship into practice. For more than twelve years, he has been supporting the development of ecopsychology in the Czech Republic.
He is editor of the website

Consultations: even Wednesdays 10:45am – 11:30am

Mgr. Vojtěch Pelikán, Ph.D.

Research specialist

He began at the department as a bachelor’s student. He is currently working on his dissertation about the Romani and their relationship with the environment under Professor Hana Librová. In his research, he examines environmental topics, the environmental movement, lifestyle, and the media from the perspective of social anthropology. Since 2008 he has been popularizing academic research in the socioecological magazine Sedmá generace. He works as a research assistant at the department and manages the Czech Science Foundation-funded project “Environmentally-Friendly Lifestyle in the March of Time.”


Ing. Zbyněk Ulčák, Ph.D.

Assistant professor

A landscape ecologist and agricultural specialist who focuses on sustainable land management and the social aspects of organic farming and food production. His work on these topics has been published in both Czech and foreign scholarly journals. He also teaches at the Department of Applied and Landscape Ecology at the Agrisciences Faculty of Mendel University in Brno and collaborates with Lillehammer University College in Norway.

Consultations: Tuesdays 1:30pm – 3:00pm


Other Department Collaborators

Bc. Petra Burišková

Department Secretary

Ing. Veronika Išová

Department Deputy Secretary

Ing. Veronika Išová holds a degree in Management of Commerce from the Faculty of Economics, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice. After completing her studies, she worked in the area of EU Funds and she administered projects OP VaVpl at Brno University of Technology. Currently she works as the deputy secretary of the Department.

Ing. Ester Koňařová

Project Administrator

Ester Koňařová works as a project administrator and manages projects funded by the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic (TAČR) and the Czech Science Foundation (GAČR). She holds a degree in Public Economics from the Faculty of Economics and Administration at Masaryk University. During her studies, she spent half a year at Groupe École supérieure de commerce de Troyes in the French region Champagne – Ardenne. As a student and professionally, she has been interested in social enterprise and project management. She enjoys participating in workshops, MOOC courses, and other educational activities.

Mgr. Zdeňka Lechnerová

Project Administrator

Zdeňka Lechnerová is administrator of TAČR projects (the ÉTA program, Environment for Life), previously managed large-scale projects SOVA and INZA financed from the EC OP and projects supported by the EEA and Norway financial mechanisms. Since 2008, she has worked for four years as a researcher at the Institute for Research on Corporate Reproduction and Integration (IVRIS). In 2010 she completed her master's degree in sociology at the Faculty of Social Studies.

Mgr. Ing. Tereza Modráková

Financial Manager

 Inactive employment status

Tereza Modráková has worked mainly as a manager of educational projects OPVK at the Faculty of Social Studies at Masaryk University and at FNUSA-ICRC at St. Anne’s University Hospital in Brno. Currently, she administers EEA and Norway Grants and other projects at the Department. She holds a degree in sociology from the Faculty of Social Studies at Masaryk University and in economics from the Faculty of Business and Economics at Mendel University in Brno. During her studies, she spent a year at Université Catholique de Lyon in France.

Mgr. Kristýna Pešáková, Ph.D.

Project Administrator

Kristýna Pešáková works as a project manager, mainly in charge of GAČR, TAČR Beta and OPVVV projects. She studied social policy and social work at the Faculty of Social Studies of Masaryk University. In her academic work, she focused on gender-based violence, violence against women and violence against men in partnership. For many years she worked in the non-profit organization NESEHNUTÍ, where she also gained experience in managing projects of various sizes.

Mgr. Ing. Jan Blažek

Doctoral Student and Specialist

As a doctoral student, Jan focuses primarily on the economy of residential eco-communities. His extensive dissertation research includes numerous eco-community projects in six European countries. As a research specialist, he works on preparing a new international Master’s degree program focused on Sustainability-Driven Entrepreneurship, carried out as part of OPRDE Smart Accelerator in the South Moravian Region project.

Mgr. Mikuláš Černík

Doctoral Student and Specialist

Mgr. Mikuláš Černík is interested in environmental justice, political ecology, and environmental conflicts. The topic of his dissertation is a comparison of the conditions for protest against coal mining in the Czech Republic and Poland. He works as Dr. Christian Kerschner’s assistant on the VE2ENEX project. This project examines issues related to the vulnerability of economies (and their individual sectors) during transformations of the energy system.

Mgr. Ing. Martin Černý

Doctoral Student and Specialist

Martin Černý holds degrees in Environmental Studies from the Faculty of Social Studies and in Economic Policy and Administration from the Faculty of Economics and Administration at Masaryk University. In his dissertation, he deals with the transition to a low-carbon economy, economic degrowth, and climate justice. He participates in the project MEDEAS – Modelling Energy System Development under Environmental and Socioeconomic Constraints – in which he uses the input-output analysis to model the impact of a low-carbon transition on the structure of employment in the European Union and on the production of greenhouse gas emissions.

Dipl.Ing. Jan Haverkamp

Foreign Lecturer and Project Collaborator

Jan Haverkamp is senior nuclear energy and energy policy specialist for Greenpeace and the World Information Service on Energy (WISE), and professional group facilitator. The Dutchman works since 1986 in the development of environmental NGOs in Central Europe. His academic background is in biochemistry, nuclear physics, environmental sciences and social and communication psychology. He teaches ‘facilitation of environmental communication processes’ and ‘the role of environmental NGOs in society’ at the Masaryk University. He lives in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Prof. Klaus Hubacek

Foreign Lecturer and Project Collaborator

Dr. Klaus Hubacek is an ecological economist with a research focus on conceptualizing and modeling the interactions between human and environmental systems and developing and modeling scenarios of future change. Klaus has worked extensively with stakeholders in participatory research projects and led large interdisciplinary research teams. He has published over 200 research articles on topics such as climate change adaptation and mitigation, participatory modeling, management of ecosystems services, land use change and governance. Klaus has published in international journals such as Nature, Nature Climate Change, Nature Sustainability, and the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 

He conducted studies for a number of national agencies in Austria, the Czech Republic, China, Japan, Spain, the UK, and the U.S. and international institutions such as the European Commission, the Interamerican Development Bank, the OECD, and the World Bank. He served on advisory boards for a number of agencies such as the Climate Center of the City of Shanghai, China and the Sustainable Land Use program of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. Klaus also serves on the editorial board of a number of scientific journals such as Applied Energy and Industrial Ecology.

Mgr. Tomáš Chabada

Doctoral Student and Specialist

Mgr. Tomáš Chabada holds a Master’s degree in sociology and is now in the Doctoral Program in Environmental Humanities at the Faculty of Social Studies at Masaryk University. At the Department he participates in research projects that deal with the relationship of the Czech public to nature and the environment. In his dissertation, he focuses on public attitudes and behavior of the public regarding climate change. He teaches courses on global environmental problems and on environmental issues in the Czech Republic.

Mgr. et Mgr. Šárka Doležalová Křepelková

Doctoral Student and Specialist

Mgr. et Mgr. Šárka Křepelková is a doctoral student, an ecopsychologist and a lecturer of developmental courses. She focuses on the topic of children’s contact with nature. She participates in the CIVIS project that deals with developing civic and social competencies in education.

Mgr. Eva Pražanová, Ph.D.

External Research Specialist

Mgr. Eva Pražanová, Ph.D., holds a Master’s degree in history and theory of the visual arts from Palacký University in Olomouc and a doctoral degree from Charles University in Prague. She focuses on the history and theory of twentieth-century regional planning in the Czech Republic. She collaborates with the Department on the grant project on Environmentally Friendly Tendencies in Czechoslovak Urbanism and Regional Planning (1965-1990).

Thomas Smith, Bsc. (Hons), MA, PhD.

Research Specialist - postdoc

Thomas Smith researches the role of creativity and craft in grassroots sustainability transitions, with particular interests in post-capitalist social theory (relating to diverse and community economies). Thomas received his PhD in Human Geography at the University of St Andrews, examining the role of the maker movement and community workshops in Edinburgh, Scotland, and is also a member of the editorial collective at the Dark Mountain Project ( He is the author of Sustainability, Wellbeing and the Posthuman Turn (2018, Palgrave MacMillan), has edited three books for Dark Mountain, and has published in a number of leading geographical journals.

Mgr. Lucie Sovová

Doctoral Student, currently abroad

Mgr. Lucie Sovová is interested in alternative economies and sustainable food systems. Her dissertation deals with food self-provisioning in urban gardens. She was involved in the Department’s research project on allotment gardens. As part of the project “Ecological and Environmental Economics – Critical Perspectives”, she co-teaches a Bachelor level Seminar on Ecological Economics. She also cooperates with Wageningen University in the Netherlands.

Mgr. Renata Svobodová

Doctoral Student

Mgr. Renata Svobodová specializes in the psychology of climate change. She is interested in how people perceive climate change, what they feel, and how they cope with it. She participated in the research for “The Czech Public and Climate Change” project, and now she is on the team that maps Czech people’s environmental attitudes and behavior. She received an honorable mention within the Josef Vavroušek Prize for her Master’s thesis. She is the editor of the magazine Sedmá generace [The Seventh Generation].

Mgr. Petra Šimonová

Doctoral Student and an External Specialist

 Inactive employment status

Mgr. Petra Šimonová studied in the field of environmental protection and then worked for ten years in the non-profit sector as an environmental education methodologist, mainly in teacher-training and the educational program Ekoškola [Ecoschool]. Currently, she does environmental education research. At the Department, she focuses on participative approaches and on developing students’ action competencies. She also participates in the CIVIS project in which she examines the impact of educational programs on the development of civic and social competencies.

Dr. Christos Zografos

Foreign Lecturer and Project Collaborator

Christos is a Ramón y Cajal Senior Research Fellow, with the JHU-UPF Public Policy Centre and the Department of Political and Social Sciences of Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona, Spain. His line of research looks at the politics of environmental governance, transformation and conflict in the fields of political ecology, ecological economics, and degrowth. He has worked for the Institute of Environmental Science & Technology (ICTA) of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) managing the FP7 Marie Curie ‘European Network of Political
Ecology’ (ENTITLE), and coordinating the research of the FP7 project ‘Climate Change, Hydro-conflicts and Human Security’ (CLICO); he has also worked as a Lecturer in Environmental Economics at the Scottish Agricultural College in Edinburgh, UK.

Mgr. Christian Kerschner, M.Sc., Dr.

External Specialist and Project Collaborator

Christian Kerschner holds a PhD and a master’s degree in ecological economics from the Autonomous University of Barcelona and a master’s in business and economics from the University of Vienna. He is PI of VE²NEX (Vulnerability and the Energy-Economy Nexus), a research project funded by the Czech science foundation and of the post-carbon economy modelling project MEDEAS (H2020). His main research interests are economic vulnerabilities to Peak Oil, attitudes towards and the role of technology for societal transformation and alternatives macroeconomic narratives with respect to economic growth i.e. Steady State Economy, Degrowth and Post-Growth. Recently Christian finished a special issue on Degrowth and Technology, with 26 contributions and a comprehensive editorial.

Doctoral students
year of admission
 Mgr. Ing. Jan Blažek 2014 full-time Binka (consultant Kerschner) Economics of eco-socially-minded communities: social-environmental strategies and financial sustainability
 Mgr. Mikuláš Černík 2017 full-time Kerschner (consultant Velicu) The conditions for coal mining resistance in Poland and the Czech Republic
 Mgr. Barbora Černík Bakošová 2013 suspended study Stibral Vplyv environmentálneho hnutia a ekológie na súčasné estetické teórie prírody
 Mgr. Ing. Martin Černý 2016 full-time Kerschner (consultants Kimmich and Hubacek) Socioeconomic impacts and synergies of the post-carbon and post-growth transformation
 Tamara Faberová, Msc. 2015 combined Binka (consultant Krajhanzl) Sources of motivation for decision-making of key actors involved in projects enhancing the ecological stability of the landscape
 Mgr. Patrik Gažo 2018 full-time Binka (consultant Novák a Zografos) Interests of Workers vs. nature's interests - the necessary antagonism?
 Mgr. Filip Havlíček 2013 full-time Kysučan Waste as an anthropological constant: History of waste management in Europe from the Paleolithic to the Middle Ages
 Mgr. Tomáš Chabada 2013 full-time Binka (consultants Krajhanzl and Špaček) Analysis of the attitudes and behaviour of the Czech population towards climate change
 Mgr. Veronika Chvátalová 2014 full-time Lacinová Inventory of impacts of cultivation and management of genetically modified bt maize in the Czech Republic
 Mgr. Monika Janáková 2018 full-time Stibral Nature protection versus culture protection, or protection of nature through protection of culture? Culture detail in Landscape as symbiose (connection) culture and nature element.
 Mgr. et Mgr. Šárka Křepelková 2016 full-time Krajhanzl The impact of contact with nature on the child's experience and behavior
 Mgr. Lukáš Likavčan 2014 suspended study Binka Critical realism and ecological economics
 Mgr. Kateřina Pařízková 2012 combined Stibral Aesthetic attitude and its importance for nature and landscape conservation
 Mgr. Silvie Punčochářová 2018 full-time Librová Renaissance of the French countryside: from history to the present
 Mgr. Kateřina Rezková 2008 suspended study Markoš Alternativní biologické teorie v environmentálním myšlení s důrazem na teorii Gaia a teorii symbiogeneze
 Mgr. Sandra Silná 2018 full-time Binka Přemysl Pitter. Theological and Ethical Reflection of Animal Status and Rights. Historical and Present Relations
 Mgr. et Mgr. Ľuboš Slovák 2015 full-time Binka The Idea of Nature in Environmental Thinking
 Mgr. Lucie Sovová 2015 full-time Jehlička (consultant Veen) Urban Gardens - Alternative Food Production Between Tradition and Modernity
 Mgr. Renata Svobodová 2016 full-time Krajhanzl Psychology of Climate Change: How do people cope with climate change?
 Mgr. Petra Šimonová 2014 suspended study Novotný (consultant Činčera) The role of critical thinking in environmental education



About Project VE²NEX

Project VE²NEX aims to map the vulnerability of different economic systems as they transition into a non-fossil future. To achieve this goal, the project uses economic modelling (Input-Output Analysis and the Computable General Equilibrium – CGE – Model) and examines historical events of key-resource depletion. The result will be a multifaceted indicator of vulnerability which can then be employed in creating policies.

The main author and principal investigator of the project is Christian Kerschner from the Department. Several other members of the Department are among the project co-authors and co-organizers. For more information about the project, click HERE.

Kuishuang Feng

Kuishuang Feng is an associate research professor at the Department of Geographical Sciences at the University of Maryland. His expertise is in spatial economic modelling and related environmental topics. He has extensive experience in designing regional, national, and global economic models expanded to also include environmental parameters. His many articles on economic-ecological modelling have appeared in highly regarded scientific journals such as Nature Climate Change, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Global Environmental Change, and Environmental Science & Technology. The results of his research have been widely cited and have gained attention in the media, including the BBC, CBS, Reuters, Science Magazine, Smithsonian, Los Angeles Times and the Guardian. He has received funding from numerous national and international agencies such NASA, the European Commission, the World Bank, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China, Energy Foundation Beijing Office. He is the editor and a member of the editorial board of several international peer-reviewed journals.

Stefania Barca

Stefania Barca is a senior researcher at the Centre for Social Studies of the University of Coimbra in Portugal. She earned her Ph.D. in Economic History from the University of Bari in 1997, and she holds the title of Associate Professor in Modern History and in Economic History awarded by the Ministry of Education in Italy. She has served as Vice-President of the Scientific Board at the University of Coimbra, Co-Director of the doctoral program Democracy in the 21st Century (2012-15), and Coordinator of the research group Social Policies, Labor and Inequalities (2010-14). Currently, she coordinates a graduate seminar on Ecological Crisis and Democracy, and lectures in Political Ecology at the Centre for Social Studies in Coimbra.

She was a Visiting Scholar in the Program in Agrarian Studies at Yale University (2005-2006), a ‘Ciriacy Wantrup’ Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of California at Berkley (2006-2008), and a Guest Researcher at the Pufendorf Institute for Advanced Studies at Lund University (2015-2016). From 2011 to 2013 she served as Vice-President of the European Society for Environmental History (ESEH), and currently she is a member of the Editorial Board of the journal Environmental History. She has also been a member of the Supervisory Board of the EU Council ‘Marie Curie’ ITN ‘Entitle’ - the European Network of Political Ecology, and she served as Chair of the Organizing Committee of the international conference Undisciplined Environments (Stockholm, March 2016).

She has published articles in national and international journals in the areas of Economic History, Environmental History, Ecological Economics, and Political Ecology, and is the author of two books and co-author of a textbook on environmental history. Her book Enclosing Water: Nature and Political Economy in a Mediterranean Valley (Cambridge, UK: White Horse Press 2010) was awarded the Turku Book Prize in 2011. Her current research interests cover the environmental impact of industry in the Anthropocene, the relationship between labor and the environment, environmental justice, degrowth and commoning.

Christina Prell

Christina Prell’s research focuses on the intersection of social networks and the environment. On a local and regional scale, her work considers the role of social networks in shaping and/or diffusing views, values, and/or cultural beliefs about the environment and natural resource management. On a global scale, she looks at how the structure of global trade networks drive and/or co-evolve with a number of environmental inequalities, especially the differences among various countries in the degree of pollution, as embodied in trade. In this type of research, she collaborates with the Input-Output Model team at the Department of Geographical Sciences at the University of Maryland. Currently, she deals with the long-term perspective on these network processes and environmental outputs, with special attention to how the network indicators and outputs co-evolve.

She has published articles in sociology journals such as Social Forces and Journal of Mathematical Sociology, and she has also published two books on social networks and network analysis – a single-author publication Social Network Analysis: History, Theory, and Methodology (Sage), and, with Orjan Bodin, a co-edited volume Social Networks and Natural Resource Management (Cambridge University Press). She has taught graduate courses in Social Network Analysis, Research Methods, and Coupled Human-Natural Systems. On the undergraduate level, she has taught a variety of courses on social perspectives pertaining to the environment and/or socio-ecological systems.

Iñaki Arto

Iñaki Arto is a research fellow at B3 – Basque Centre for Climate Change. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics (Environmental Economics), a MSc in Engineering (Environmental Technology and Management), and a Bachelor’s degree in Economics (International Economics and Development).

He has worked in various research positions in the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (2010-2013) and at the University of the Basque Country (2001-2010). His research focuses on ecological and environmental modelling (Integrated Assessment, Computable General Equilibrium, Dynamic Econometric Input-Output), input-output analysis, and social metabolism. He has contributed to several books and published articles in international journals such as Ecological Economics, Environmental Science & Technology, and Journal of Industrial Ecology. He has also participated in several publicly funded research projects (such as EXIOMOD, WIOD, FLAGSHIP, COMPLEX, and DECCMA).

Tiziano Gomiero

Tiziano Gomiero focuses primarily on integrated analysis of agricultural systems, rural development, organic farming, biodiversity, and environmental protection. He has worked in these areas on many international projects in Europe and Asia. He holds an MSc in the Natural Sciences from the University of Padova in Italy, and an MSc in Ecological Economics and Environmental Management and a Ph.D. in Environmental Science from Autonomous University of Barcelona in Spain.